Hugo Nopo, co-author of Discrimination in Latin America: An Economic Perspective, a book sponsored by the Inter-American Development Bank, found that in Latin America the average wealth gap between the white elite and indigenous and African-descended people was 38%.
He said: “The inequalities in access to education services later become inequalities in human capital, in access to labour markets, in the ability to generate wealth, and in general the ability to live a full and decent life within society.
“People need to understand that we don’t just know how to dance or play musical instruments; we can also think and fill important posts,” said Ramírez, who is impatient for concrete action to be taken. “For years we’ve been waiting, and Afro people continue to be humiliated, mistreated and excluded. If the state doesn’t take action now, we’ll continue to be victims of this structural racism.”